How do we use going to? You're going to miss your train! Is it going to rain a lot in Australia this year?. (negative interrogative form) We were going to tell you earlier. Will you be home soon, or should I eat without you? While your meaning may still be clear, it is a little rambling and not technically an interrogative sentence. Could you imagine life without questions? Negative and Interrogative Sentences With Be Going To, Be ~Ing: Is Jim going to cook dinner for us? (él) No va a nadar a la playa. I'm going to eat that cake. Show example. It's going to rain soon. Is the dog okay, or should we go to the vet? Subject auxiliarY Going to verb (Infinitive) Examples; I: am not 'm not: going to: swim: I'm not going to swim at the beach. (past form of the going-to future, formed with the past copula were) Yes I'm going to. Who is the best shortstop in the Major Leagues? 1. We be at the party on Saturday night. En el discurso cotidiano, "going to" suele acortarse como "gonna", especialmente en inglés americano, aunque nunca se escribe así. 5. For example: In this sentence, the subject "Suzie" is sandwiched between the helping verb "did" and the main verb "leave." 4. I crashed the company car. For example: In this sentence, "deadline" is the subject and "is" is the verb. Going to affirmative negative and interrogative practise the structure of going to sentences in affirmative, negative and interogative ID: 225470 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: 2º secundaria Edad: 12-13 Tema principal: Going to future ; We're not going to paint our bedroom tomorrow. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present. I'm not going to see him tomorrow. Intermediate. Put in the verbs in brackets into the gaps. For example: The word "if" sets up the indirect question that is embedded in this declarative sentence. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. It's going to snow. Task No. 9. 8. She's going to have a party for her birthday. He: is not isn't: He's not going to swim at the beach. An interrogative sentence asks a direct question and is punctuated at the end with a question mark. "Going to" se emplea sobre todo para hablar de nuestros planes e intenciones, o para realizar predicciones basadas en evidencias actuales. You: are not aren't: You're not going to swim at the beach. Interrogative sentences can be in positive or negative form, and in any tense. A declarative sentence makes a statement and follows standard subject-verb word order, but you can add a short question offset by a comma to make it an interrogative fragment. All Rights Reserved. Use the going to-future. Tag questions usually ask for confirmation. In everyday speech, going to is often shortened to gonna, especially in American English, but it is never written that way. 2. going to for prediction. An open-ended question usually begins with a "question word" in English: So start your open-ended interrogative sentence with a question word, then continue the sentence with the verb and the subject. For example: Often times an interrogative sentence requires a helping verb. It should be noted that this is different from indirect questions, which are declarative sentences that report a question that was asked in another context. I was wondering if I could buy you dinner. Don't forget to use the short form. Questions without question words in the going to-future. It is one of the four basic types of sentences, and it's a highly useful one. Is Jim going to cook dinner for us tonight? He asked if I still wanted to go to the show. We are saying what we think will happen. It asks us something or requests information (as opposed to a statement which tells us something or gives information). What is the function of an interrogative sentence? 5. (the cat/to sit) Answer: Is the cat going to sit on the wall? Look at these examples: Jo has won the lottery. Read about declarative, imperative and exclamatory sentences in our Types of Sentences article. going to for intention. However, here the word order is usually changed to put the verb before the subject. Ellen and Harry are going to watch TV tonight. He says he's going to buy a Porsche. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in more detail in expository writing. 3. We often use going to to make a prediction about the future. The use of going to refer to future events suggests a very strong association with the present.The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. Example: on the wall? Do you think I should go home or stay a little longer? 1. Examine the examples below to get a feel for how this works in practice: In some cases, the question word itself serves as the subject of the sentence, because the subject is unknown — in fact, answering the question will provide the subject. Would you like cookies or a banana for dessert? Don write a letter at the weekend. Going To - Negative Complete the following sentences using the negative of going to. Example: I _____ see him tomorrow. They also begin with a verb or a helping verb. Auxiliary Subject going to Verb Rest Yes/No Subject Auxiliary (+ n't) Are: you: going to They walk the dog later. The time is not important, it is later than now, but the attitude is that the event depends on something in the present situation that we know about. (tú) No vas a nadar a la playa. Ann's going to make a sandwich for dinner. Do you need help? When you want an answer to a question, it's crucial to ask it directly in your writing or speaking, instead of creating an indirect question like this. Bill's going to wear a suit to the wedding. Sentence Practice. Ou seja, quando uma ação já está planejada e irá acontecer num futuro próximo. Uso de "going to" para referirse a planes e intenciones Going is mainly used to refer to our plans and intentions or to make predictions based on present evidence. 3. By the end of this lesson, you will be able to ask yes-no and open-ended questions about future events. The verb comes before the subject in a direct question. El uso de "going to" para referirse a eventos futuros sugiere un vínculo muy sólido con el presente.El momento preciso no es relevante, es posterior al ahora, pero la actitud implica que dicho evento depende de algo que sabemos sobre la situación actual. The purpose of this sentence is to report that he asked something, it is not to ask the question "Do you still want to go to the show?". ; When are you going to go on holiday? When are the best days to go to the mall? Mind the word order in questions. We use object + am / is / are + going to + be + verb3 (past participle) to form going to future passive voice. Function. Our prediction is based on present evidence. (main verb is elided). When we use going in a phrase to talk about the future, the form is composed of three elements:the verb to be conjugated to match the subject + going + the infinitive of the main verb. These questions are designed to be answered simply with either an affirmative or a negative. To eliminate confusion, begin a question with a question word or verb and end it with a question mark to make sure you have really made an interrogative sentence. In these cases, the subject comes between the helping verb and the main verb. Example sentences, explanations and exercises for students and teachers We're going to go to the dentist's next week. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … Questions in the going to-future – Exercise 2. The going to of this future construction is frequently contracted in colloquial English to (be) gonna, and in some forms of English the copula may also be omitted. My boss isn't going to be very happy! For example: These are "or" questions that are designed to offer one or more choices in the context of the question. We have already made a decision before speaking. Like all complete sentences in English, an interrogative sentence must contain a subject and a verb. 7. You're going to phone Phil tomorrow. It's also useful in writing as an organizational tool; for example, you can set up questions as headers and answer them to explain a concept in … I don’t know. The climate of Australia is significantly influenced by ocean currents, including the Indian Ocean Dipole and the El Niño – Southern Oscillation, which is correlated with periodic drought, and the seasonal tropical low-pressure system that produces ciclones in northern Australia. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. Interrogative sentences allow you to gather information and clear up confusion as well as engage in interesting conversations with others. 4. She: She's not going to swim at the beach. The basic function (job) of an interrogative sentence is to ask a direct question. Ele é usado quando a pessoa já decidiu o que vai fazer. Here are some examples: The sky is very black. Función. O going to é uma expressão utilizada no inglês para falar de planos e intenções futuras. This happens frequently in direct questions: In addition to the open-ended interrogative sentences described above, there are a few other types of interrogatives. All rights reserved. Exercise 1. 6. These direct questions will lead you to the answers you seek in the most straightforward manner. For example: Tag questions are added on to the end of declarative sentences. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. 2. 1361. It's 8.30! We use going to when we have the intention to do something before we speak. What next? They start with a verb or helping verb followed by the subject. For example: Whether open-ended or not, interrogative sentences always ask direct questions. Â© EF Education First 2020. (yo) No voy a nadar a la playa.
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